One of the most beloved Bible verses about mountains is Isaiah’s prophecy about the Kingdom of Heaven in the latter times.
“It shall come to pass in the latter days that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established as the highest of the mountains, and shall be lifted up above the hills; and all the nations shall flow to it, and many peoples shall come, and say: “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob, that he may teach us his ways and that we may walk in his paths.” For out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.” (Isaiah 2:2-3)
A Mountain Top Experience
This is such an awesome piece of Scripture that describes the imagery of a future time when “the mountain of the LORD” and “the house of the God of Jacob” will be a holy place for all the diverse people groups from every nation and of every ethnicity, worshipping God and learning the ways of His wisdom – Amen!
Mountains are scenic. Mountains are a destination. Mountains are majestic. If you’ve ever taken a road trip through the Smoky Mountains in northeastern Tennessee, camped out under the stars amongst the Alps in Switzerland, or skied down the bunny slopes of the Canadian Rockies you can identify intimately with the literal majesty of mountains.
Mountains are also symbolic. Mountains represent the quest for knowledge, the pinnacle of achievement, the proverbial goal or journey to something great. Looking beyond Bible verses about mountains and examining cultural references, mountains can represent the blessing of accomplishment or the curse of defeat.
A life changing pilgrimage in one way or another. The famous Christian author J.R.R Tolkien infused his fantastical creations, most notably, ‘The Hobbit’ and ‘Lord of the Rings’ with well known rocky landscapes such as The Misty Mountains or Lonely Mountain. For Tolkien, mountains were a central metaphor to building his character’s traits while showing off their humanity within the full spectrum of human emotions while scaling their lofty challenge.
The journey, in comparison with the destination is at the very least on par with the destination! For it’s the journey, our sanctification that forms and transforms us. I was quite astonished by the amount of verses and specificity that Scripture attributes to mountains and their contextual meanings, both good and bad. The following verses are only a small sample of what the Bible has to say in relation to mountains and their meaning:
Old Testament Verses
Now the LORD said to Moses, “Come up to Me on the mountain and remain there, and I will give you the stone tablets with the law and the commandment which I have written for their instruction.”
~ Exodus 24:12
“The mountains quaked at the presence of the LORD, This Sinai, at the presence of the LORD, the God of Israel.
~ Judges 5:5
In the LORD I take refuge; How can you say to my soul, “Flee as a bird to your mountain;
~ Psalm 11:1
Then the earth shook and quaked; And the foundations of the mountains were trembling And were shaken, because He was angry.
~ Psalm 18:7
Before the mountains were born Or You gave birth to the earth and the world, Even from everlasting to everlasting, You are God.
~ Psalm 90:2
In whose hand are the depths of the earth, The peaks of the mountains are His also.
~ Psalms 95:4
The mountains melted like wax at the presence of the LORD, At the presence of the Lord of the whole earth.
~ Psalm 97:5
As the mountains surround Jerusalem, So the LORD surrounds His people From this time forth and forever.
~ Psalm 125:2
“For the mountains may be removed and the hills may shake, But My lovingkindness will not be removed from you, And My covenant of peace will not be shaken,” Says the LORD who has compassion on you.
~ Isaiah 54:10
Oh, that You would rend the heavens and come down, That the mountains might quake at Your presence–
~ Isaiah 64:1
I looked on the mountains, and behold, they were quaking, And all the hills moved to and fro.
~ Jeremiah 4:24
Thus says the Lord GOD, “I will also take a sprig from the lofty top of the cedar and set it out; I will pluck from the topmost of its young twigs a tender one and I will plant it on a high and lofty mountain.”
~ Ezekiel 17:22
Also the high places of Aven, the sin of Israel, will be destroyed; Thorn and thistle will grow on their altars; Then they will say to the mountains, “Cover us!” And to the hills, “Fall on us!”
~ Hosea 10:8
And in that day The mountains will drip with sweet wine, And the hills will flow with milk, And all the brooks of Judah will flow with water; And a spring will go out from the house of the LORD To water the valley of Shittim.
~ Joel 3:18
For behold, he who forms the mountains and creates the wind, and declares to man what is his thought, who makes the morning darkness, and treads on the heights of the earth— the LORD, the God of hosts, is his name!
~ Amos 4:13
For behold, the LORD is coming forth from His place He will come down and tread on the high places of the earth. The mountains will melt under Him And the valleys will be split, Like wax before the fire, Like water poured down a steep place.
~ Micah 1:3-4
Mountains quake because of Him And the hills dissolve; Indeed the earth is upheaved by His presence, The world and all the inhabitants in it.
~ Nahum 1:5
“Go up to the mountains, bring wood and rebuild the temple, that I may be pleased with it and be glorified,” says the LORD.
~ Haggai 1:8
‘What are you, O great mountain? Before Zerubbabel you will become a plain; and he will bring forth the top stone with shouts of “Grace, grace to it!”‘”
~ Zechariah 4:7
New Testament Verses
Again, the devil took Him to a very high mountain and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory; and he said to Him, “All these things I will give You, if You fall down and worship me.”
~ Matthew 4:8-9
When Jesus saw the crowds, He went up on the mountain; and after He sat down, His disciples came to Him. He opened His mouth and began to teach them, saying,
~ Matthew 5:1-2
And He said to them, “Because of the littleness of your faith; for truly I say to you, if you have faith the size of a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move; and nothing will be impossible to you.
~ Matthew 17:20
As He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things happen, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?”
~ Matthew 24:3
Six days later, Jesus took with Him Peter and James and John, and brought them up on a high mountain by themselves. And He was transfigured before them; and His garments became radiant and exceedingly white, as no launderer on earth can whiten them. Elijah appeared to them along with Moses; and they were talking with Jesus.
Peter said to Jesus, “Rabbi, it is good for us to be here; let us make three tabernacles, one for You, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.” For he did not know what to answer; for they became terrified. Then a cloud formed, overshadowing them, and a voice came out of the cloud, “This is My beloved Son, listen to Him!” All at once they looked around and saw no one with them anymore, except Jesus alone.
~ Mark 9:2-8
In these days he went out to the mountain to pray, and all night he continued in prayer to God.
~ Luke 6:12
And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great, high mountain, and showed me the holy city Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God.
~ Revelation 21:10